Fake cobwebs and some other spooky, outdoor Halloween decorations meant as harmless fun can do real damage to wildlife.
Halloween spending has skyrocketed in recent years, and the National Retail Federation says Americans are expected to spend $2.7 billion on Halloween decorations this year.
Wildlife organizations say they also have seen an increase in animal visits to local rehabilitation centres for injuries related to the outdoor holiday decorations.
"The fake cobwebs are of particular concern," said Lisa Bloch, director of communications for the Marin Humane in Novato, California. When they're strung across bushes and trees, "wildlife can easily get stuck in these webs."
The fake webs can trap animals, said Alison Hermance of WildCare, a non-profit wildlife hospital and nature education centre in San Rafael, California. Birds caught in them can damage their wings and claws. Chipmunks and other low-to the-ground rodents can also get caught and damage their paws.
If you observe an animal in trouble, always call a wildlife centre before intervening, Bloch said.
Halloween lights and other items that dangle also can pose problems for wildlife. Deer and elk can get holiday lights, netting, clothing and other materials stuck in their antlers, said Jason Clay of the Colorado Parks and Wildlife's Denver office. "We see it every year," he said.
Be aware of what paths animals use in your yard, and avoid placing decorations there, Clay said.
Pumpkins and other food items should be disposed of promptly because they entice animals to come closer to your home than they normally would, putting them in contact with pets and increasing the risk of getting hit by a car, Hermance said.
Don't leave any decorations up for an extended period, adds Bloch. "It's good to be mindful and remove the decorations as soon as you're done celebrating."