OTTAWA - NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh is calling for a quicker, clearer vaccination plan that would see Canada's military deployed across the country to speed up provincial COVID-19 inoculation efforts - though the country's top doctor sees little need for those boots on the ground.

The federal government should engage military personnel along with more medical and nursing students and retired health-care workers to ramp up Canada's faltering vaccine rollout, Singh said Tuesday.

The announcement, presented as a campaign-style pledge ahead of a possible election this year, comes despite the fact that provinces have not publicly requested military assistance with vaccine delivery.

“The provinces haven't specially asked for that,” Singh said in an interview. “But we've got the capacity to use the military, set up sites in federal facilities and federal buildings across the country.

“There seems to be this notion that, 'OK, we get the supply, then it's up to the provinces to deliver it.' And I don't buy that.”

Chief public health officer Dr. Theresa Tam, asked about the proposal Tuesday, said the number of vaccination sites and staff is not a hurdle.

“That doesn't at the moment appear to be the critical factor,” she said.

“I know that the human-resource aspect is not the biggest concern from provinces and territories. We have many pharmacists, family doctors, other health professionals.”

Military commander Maj.-Gen. Dany Fortin is managing logistics of vaccine distribution for the Public Health Agency of Canada. And the Canadian Armed Forces is deploying reconnaissance teams to the border as Ottawa prepares to enlist the military's help in establishing COVID-19 screening centres for travellers. But soldiers play no part in administering the vaccine.

Health care remains primarily provincial jurisdiction. Nonetheless, Singh cited deployment of armed forces to help set up and run vaccination sites in the United States and Scotland.

U.S. President Joe Biden's administration has ordered more than 1,100 troops, including nurses and vaccinators, to several sites. The British army is dispatching roughly 100 soldiers to organize deliveries, vaccine storage and patient registration at about 80 vaccination centres in Scotland.

Provincial leaders in Quebec, Ontario and Alberta, while accepting military support at nursing homes as outbreaks reached a lethal crisis point over the past year, have remained wary of federal overreach in long-term care and other areas.

Conservative Leader Erin O'Toole and Bloc Quebecois Leader Yves-Francois Blanchet have both balked at the idea of nationally imposed long-term care standards, saying provinces are better poised to direct health-care funding in their own backyards.

Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Dominic LeBlanc said Tuesday that “the provinces will determine if they need additional assistance,” with the federal government prepared to work with them if military personnel or Canadian Red Cross volunteers are requested.

Singh also called on the Trudeau government to revive domestic production of vaccines by establishing publicly owned manufacturing facilities.

He highlighted Connaught Laboratories, a public-health institute founded in the early 20th century to combat diphtheria, as a model for government-owned vaccine production. Connaught, which churned out polio and influenza vaccines, was affiliated for decades with the University of Toronto before being bought by a federal Crown corporation and later fully privatized under the Mulroney government in the 1980s.

The third board in the NDP platform plank demanded that Ottawa call off the planned delivery of 1.9 million doses from the international vaccine-sharing program, which is designed mainly to help poor countries afford pricey vaccines.

Canada could get about 500,000 doses of AstraZeneca's vaccine from the program known as COVAX before the end of March, though it has been heavily criticized for taking vaccines from a plan aimed at developing countries that have no direct deals of their own with manufacturers.

“People are not satisfied with the current situation when it comes to vaccines,” Singh said.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says all Canadians who want a dose will get one by the end of September, despite recent hiccups in production of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines.

Canada sits far below the top of the heap in vaccine doses administered per 100 people, ranking 40th in total and 17th out of 24 large countries, according to two lists.

Canada's vaccine shipments are slated to rev up again this week, with more than 878,000 Pfizer-BioNTech doses and 168,000 Moderna doses scheduled for arrival by the end of the month.

They follow smaller-than-expected deliveries due to production issues in Belgium and Switzerland.

This report by The Canadian Press was first published Feb. 16, 2021.